Surely one of the world oldest hop varieties, Spalt hops date back as far as the 8th century and in the 16th century they were the first variety to be granted the German hop seal – a historically significant certification system predating the current, German Hop Provenance Law. Grown primarily in the Spalt region of Germany, it is one of the original landrace hops.
It’s not grown commercially in the US due to its low yield, something that is problematic even in its native Germany. Despite this, the variety is in high demand by brewers and often outstrips supply.
Also Known As: Spalter, Spalt Spalter, Spalter Spalt, German Spalt
Characteristics: Earth, spice
Alpha Acid Composition: 2.5%-5.7%
Beta Acid Composition: 3%-5%
Co-Humulone Composition: 22%-29%
Storability: Retains 50%-60% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF)
Total Oil Composition: 0.5-0.9 mL/100g
Myrcene Oil Composition: 20%-35%
Humulene Oil Composition: 20%-30%
Caryophyllene Oil: 8%-13%
Farnesene Oil: 12%-18%
Substitutes: Saaz, Tettnanger, Santiam, Liberty, Hallertau
Style Guide: German Ale, Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Kolsch